Dry Eye Treatment in Wesley Chapel, FL
If you are suffering from dry eye symptoms, please do not hesitate to contact RejuvaMed. We offer effective solutions for dry eyes & associated symptoms. Our office is located at 28945 State Road 54 Suite 101 Wesley Chapel, FL 33543.
What is dry eye?
Your eyes require an adequate and consistent layer of tears on the surface of the eye to keep them healthy and comfortable. Tears keep the surface of the eye moist and wash away debris, dust, and microorganisms that could damage eyes and lead to an infection or other problems. The problem of dry eyes usually begins with the tears.
Your eyes might feel dry, itchy, irritated or inflamed – maybe even as if there is sand or a foreign object in your eye Or you have stopped wearing your contact lenses because they hurt and scratch your eyes Or, maybe your symptoms are even more subtle. Are your eyes sometimes sensitive to light, or do they occasionally water, seem to fatigue easily, or sometimes become uncomfortable when in air conditioning or a heated room. Anyone and everyone can get it the misery of Dry Eyes.
Dry eye syndrome
Dry eye syndrome is a chronic, ongoing condition caused by a lack of lubrication and moisture on the eye’s surface. This dryness can cause a range of problems from minor eye annoyance to significant inflammation, irritation and pain, and in extreme cases, scarring the surface of the eye.
You are not alone. Dry eye is very common – 48% of Americans aged 18 and over regularly suffer from dry eye symptoms. A recent Gallup poll found that 26 million Americans complain of dry eye, and this number is expected to increase as the population ages. Almost five million Americans aged 50 and older have clinically significant dry eye symptoms. Dry eye affects twice as many women than men.
To understand dry eye, we need to understand the makeup of a healthy tear. Normal tears consist of three layers, each made up of different components:
- An oily or lipid layer.
- An aqueous or watery layer.
- A mucous or mucin layer.
If there is a problem with any of these tear film parts, the tears can be unstable and result in dry eyes. It is generally recognized by scientists and eye care doctors that unstable tears are caused by the lipid layer not functioning properly. The lipid layer provides an effective barrier to evaporation and without it, tears break down and leave the eye dry.
What causes dry eyes?
A number of factors can increase your risk of dry eyes. These include:
- Contact lens wear – Contact lens wear can contribute to dry eyes it is a primary reason cited by many to stop wearing of their lenses.
- Computer use – when at the computer or using the smartphone or other digital device people tend to blink less, resulting in more dry eye
- Aging – Dryness of the eye is more prevalent in people over 50
- Menopause – postmenopausal women risk dry eye due to hormonal changes.
- Smoking – Smoking increases dry eye problems as well as increasing the risk of many ocular problems including macular degeneration and cataracts
- Different environments – outside in cold, hot or dry weather even the dry conditions found on airplanes
- Health conditions – certain diseases such as diabetes, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis can increase dry eye symptoms
- Medications – Antihistamines, blood pressure medications, birth control, and antidepressants can increase dry eye symptoms
LASIK surgery and other corneal surgeries can cause dry eyes.
Risk factors for developing dry eye disease
Dry Eye Disease (DED) is a common yet complex condition that is characterized by an impaired or dysfunctional tear film for which there are two major clinical forms: an aqueous deficient form due to insufficient production of tears from the lacrimal gland and an evaporative form due to excessive tear loss, most often due to deficient or abnormal ear lipids in the tear film. Often both clinical manifestations are present simultaneously, though to variable degrees in patients. (1)
Frequent signs and symptoms experienced by DED patients include eye redness, itching, foreign-body sensation, contact lens intolerance, tearing, pain, blurred vision and if left untreated, visual loss.
Women and individuals aged 65 years or older are at highest risk of developing DED mostly due to hormonal changes (believed to be reduced androgen levels, either age-related or due to surgical/chemical castration for the treatment of cancer). However, other risk factors include having autoimmune forms of arthritis, osteoporosis, allergies, thyroid disease, severe headaches, migraines and head injury, and the use of certain medications (including antihistamines, benzodiazepine, antidepressants, and steroids. The prevalence of symptomatic DED among adults in the US is approximately 14% with an estimated 3.23 million women suffering from the condition. The annual cost of medical care and productivity loss combined equate to more than $55 billion USD. (2)
Ten beauty practices that could mean dry eye dangers
- Waterproof Eye Makeup
- Drug store and department store liquid eye makeup removers
- Eyelid tattooing
- Eyelash extensions
- Eyelash tinting and eyelash perming
- Over the Counter eyelast growth serums
- Argireline, acetyl hexapeptide-3 and acetyl hexapeptide-8
- Botulinum toxin injections for crow’s feet
- Retin-A and most anti-aging creams
- Eyeliner on the lid margin
- Source: Epitropoulos AT, Donnenfeld ED, Shah ZA Holland EJ, et al. Effect of oral re-esterified omega-3 nutritional supplementation on dry eyes, Cornea 2016;35;1185-1191.
- Source: The Dry Eye Assessment and Management Study Research Group. N-3 fatty acid supplementation for the treatment of dry eye disease. N Engl J Med 2018;378:1681-90